Using PHP with HTML forms
It is time to apply the knowledge you have obtained thus far and put it to real use. A very common application of PHP is to have an HTML form gather information from a website's visitor and then use PHP to do process that information. In this lesson we will simulate a small business's website that is implementing a very simple order form.
Imagine we are an art supply store that sells brushes, paint, and erasers. To gather order information from our prospective customers we will have to make a page with an HTML form to gather the customer's order. Note: This is an oversimplified example to educate you how to use PHP to process HTML form information. This example is not intended nor advised to be used on a real business website.
Creating the HTML form
First create an HTML form that will let our customer choose what they would like to purchase. This file should be saved as "order.html" .
<html> <body> <h4>Supply Order Form</h4> <form> <select> <option>Paint</option> <option>Brushes</option> <option>Erasers</option> </select> Quantity: <input type="text" /> <input type="submit" /> </form> </body> </html>
Supply Order Form
Next we must alter our HTML form to specify the PHP page we wish to send this information to. Also, we set the method to "post".
<html> <body> <h4>Supply Order Form</h4> <form action="process.php" method="post"> <select name="item"> <option>Paint</option> <option>Brushes</option> <option>Erasers</option> </select> Quantity: <input name="quantity" type="text" /> <input type="submit" /> </form> </body> </html>
Now that our "order.html" is complete, let us continue on and create the "process.php" file which will process the HTML form information.
PHP Form processor
We want to get the "item" and "quantity" inputs that we have specified in our HTML form. Using an associative array, we can get this information from the $_POST associative array. The proper way to get this information would be to create two new variables, $item and $quantity and set them equal to the values that have been "posted". The name of this file is "process.php".
<html> <body> <?php $quantity = $_POST['quantity']; $item = $_POST['item']; echo "You ordered ". $quantity . " " . $item . ".<br />"; echo "Thank you for ordering!"; ?> </body> </html>
As you probably noticed, the name in $_POST['name'] corresponds to the name that we specified in our HTML form. Now try uploading the "order.html" and "process.php" files to a PHP enabled server and test them out. If someone selected the item brushes and specified a quantity of 6, then the following would be displayed on "process.php":
You ordered 6 brushes. Thank you for ordering!
PHP & HTML Form review
A lot of things were going on in this example. Let us step through it to be sure you understand what was going on.
- We first created an HTML form "order.html" that had two input fields specified, "item" and "quantity".
- We added two attributes to the form tag to point to "process.php" and set the method to "post".
- We had "process.php" get the information that was posted by setting new variables equal to the values in the $_POST associative array.
- We used the PHP echo function to output the customers order.
Remember, this lesson is only to teach you how to use PHP to get information from HTML forms. The example on this page should not be used for a real business.