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Html introduction

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HTML is a markup language which is used to structure the web page/document. HTML is a language, which makes it possible to present information (e.g. scientific research) on the Internet. HTML is used to make websites.

What does H-T-M-L stand for?

HTML is an abbreviation of "HyperText Mark-up Language" - which is already more than you need to know at this stage. However, for the sake of good order, let us explain in greater detail.

  • Hyper is the opposite of linear. In the good old days - when a mouse was something the cat chased - computer programs ran linearly: when the program had executed one action it went to the next line and after that, the next line and so on. But HTML is different - you can go wherever you want and whenever you want. For example, it is not necessary to visit MSN.com before you visit HTML.net.
  • Text is self-explanatory.
  • Mark-up is what you do with the text. You are marking up the text the same way you do in a text editing program with headings, bullets and bold text and so on.
  • Language is what HTML is. It uses many English words.

HTML Example

A small HTML document

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>My First Heading</h1>
     <p>My first paragraph.</p>
</body>
</html> 

Example Explained:

  1. The DOCTYPE declaration defines the document type to be HTML
  2. The text between <html> and </html> describes an HTML document
  3. The text between <head> and </head> provides information about the document
  4. The text between <title> and </title> provides a title for the document
  5. The text between <body> and </body> describes the visible page content
  6. The text between  <h1> and </h1> describes a heading
  7. The text between  <p> and </p> describes a paragraph

Using this description, a web browser can display a document with a heading and a paragraph.

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